Melbourne is the second largest city in Australia, and is the capital city of Victoria region, always in competition with Sydney in different
areas such as sport and economy. Melbourne is located near the Yarra River and sometime was the main city in Australia. Is called the Marvelous
Melbourne for its unique environment, it has it all, modern buildings, beautiful beaches and can be said is the most cultural city in the country,
gives a lot of importance to the sports and here is realized the famous Australian Tennis Open, the Melbourne Cup and the Australian Grand Prix.
Melbourne can be considered the world's largest cities in area having approximately 6110 sq.km., has many gardens and parks which occupy
the third part of this area.
The city was founded in 1835 by John Batman, and its name is in honor of Viscount Melbourne, William Lamb, during the British occupation of Victoria.
Since then Melbourne began to grow as a city and commercial centre on the north end of Port Phillip. The first magistrate in this city
was Captain William Lonsdale, who came from Sydney to stablish the order and law.
In 1847 Melbourne was declared as a city by Queen Victoria, and in 1850 with the gold discovery the city turned into the major port of
Victoria region, the Melbourne's hustle and bustle was incredible then, with ships from all over the world arriving here, in 1854 the
population increased in almost four times its number and the city development was obvious and more industries services were implanted,
with all of this Melbourne became the main financial centre in all Australia.
Because of the gold rushes Melbourne received many migrants from many parts of the world, specially from Italy, Greece, Poland, Turkey,
Yugoslavia and Vietnam, all of this contributed to make of Melbourne a very special and varied city, with traditions of many different ways,
and this mixture can also be seen in the restaurants, architecture and festivals.
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