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Sydney Travel Guide

Sydney History

It says that aboriginal people first settled in Sydney, there used to be between 4000 and 8000 aboriginal people in the region and the belief is they arrived between 40,000 and 50,000 years ago. Sydney was first visited in 1770 by Captain James Cook and Joseph Banks and in 1788 the first fleet arrived to Sydney with the command of Governor Arthur Phillip.

At this time there were three main languages in the region, Darug, a coastal dialect of Darug, Dharawal and Guringai. With the arrival of Captain James Cook arrived the colonising era, the British raised their flag at Sydney Cove on January 26, 1788, and Arthur Phillip proclaimed Sydney as the Colony of New South Wales, in the name of the King of England, now this day is celebrated as the Australia Day.

In 1808 took place the Rum Rebellion, after this the city begun to adopt a 19th-century architecture thanks to Lachlan Macquarie, who worked with convict architect Francis Greenway, the Hyde Park Barracks and St James Church were constructed at this time. At the beginning of 1830s Sydney some officials decided to take lands in Woolloomooloo Hill and established homesteads such as Elizabeth Bay House.

Gold was discovered near the central western town of Bathurst around 1851, it as is supposed caused the arrival of many diggers by ship, some of them decided to live permanently in the city, some time later there was another gold discovery in Victoria, many of diggers went there and Sydney begun to have a social and cultural development.

Sydney's Architecture improved in the 19th century, important buildings were constructed as the Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney General Post Office, Sydney Town Hall and the Queen Victoria Building. In 1901 Sydney became the state capital of New South Wales.



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